Nitric Acid, ASTM A, Practice C, (Huey Test) The specimens are boiled for five periods, each of 48 hours, in a 65 per cent solution of nitric acid. The corrosion. employed to measure the relative susceptibility of austenitic stainless steels to intergranular attack. ASTM A Practice C, boiling nitric acid test is also known . Ferric Sulfate – Sulfuric Acid, ASTM A – Practice B (Stretcher Test). Ferric Sulfate Nitric Acid, ASTM A, Practice C, (Huey Test). Nitric Acid, ASTM A

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Intergranular Corrosion Testing: An Overview of ASTM A262

The etch structure types used to classify the specimens are: Asym F, is a hour weight-loss based analysis that provides a quantitative measure of the materials performance, and is commonly used to analyze as-received stainless steels.

These tests do not provide a basis for predicting resistance to forms of corrosion other than intergranular, such as general corrosion, pitting, or stress-corrosion cracking.

In many practicce we can reduce that to as little as 24 hours more than the required testing time if you need fast results.

However, when a material is exposed to high temperatures practoce long periods of time, a process called sensitization may occur. ASTM A is a common intergranular corrosion testing method that can quickly screen batches of material to determine corrosion susceptibility. The Copper Sulfate Test is especially effective for determining susceptibility to intergranular attack for low carbon steels. All five methods within this specification involve exposing specimens to a chemical mixture designed to encourage corrosive behavior.

Practice A, the oxalic acid etch test is used as a rapid technique to screen samples of certain stainless steel grades to ensure they are not susceptible to intergranular attack sensitization. To understand intergranular corrosion testing or intergranular attack commonly abbreviated as IGC or IGAit is important to understand cc causes the process to occur.


See Appendix X1 for information regarding test selection. The inch-pound equivalents are in parentheses and may be approximate. Due to the variance of attack in different materials, numerous methods Practices B-F are used to assess intergranular corrosion. Practice B, also known as the Streicher test, uses weight loss analysis to provide a quantitative measure of the materials performance.

The prxctice and fastest step is the ASTM A Practice A, a rapid same-day screening method in Oxalic acid to determine the susceptibility to intergranular corrosion.

The chart below comes from the ASTM A standard for selection prractice the appropriate test by alloy type:. Please specify the maximum allowable corrosion rate and any available data on the sensitizing heat treatment performed.

This test is used exclusively to determine corrosion in areas high in chromium carbide formations, and is asfm as effective for intergranular attack caused by other means.

ASTM A Intergranular Corrosion Testing and Analysis

How do you select the right ASTM corrosion testing method for your material? For example, in highly oxidizing solutions, intergranular attack can occur due to intermetallic phases, while attack of carbides may occur somewhat less oxidizing solutions. The oxalic acid test is commonly used before the Strauss test to determine if a sample is susceptible; samples that pass method A will generally show low corrosion rates in the Strauss test. Some specific hazards statements are given in Choosing the correct method s rely on a complete understanding of your material and processes, as well as the concept of corrosion itself.

It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. Like what you saw? This method is preferable for chromium depletions and corrosion in intermetallic phases.


Similar to the Streicher test, the Huey test method uses a nitric acid solution and subjects the specimen to five hour boiling intervals. It is typically used for stainless alloys such as andCr-Ni-Mo stainless alloys, and nickel alloys to evaluate the intergranular attack associated with the precipitation of chromium carbides at grain boundaries.

Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard.

G2MT Laboratories

G2MT Labs is one of the few labs to offer all five ASTM A corrosion testing practices, as well as the expertise to help you determine which tests practoce use, what to do if a test fails, and other corrosion consulting as needed. Classification of the structure after A Practice A analysis will determine if the material is acceptable or if additional testing is required.

This specification covers the standard practices for detecting susceptibility to intergranular attack in austenitic stainless steels. Intergranular corrosion occurs as a result of precipitation of nitridescarbidesand other intermetallic phasessuch as sigma phase, that occurs along the grain boundaries. Based on your materials, application, and requirements, the other 4 methods provide specific focuses. It depends on which Practice is selected, but typically ranges from to days for different tests.

Strauss test prxctice are boiled in a Copper Sulfate – Sulfuric Acid mixture for 15 hours.

Practice E, the Strauss test, is performed to assess attack associated with chromium-rich carbide formation; it does not detect susceptibility to sigma phase formation.

Historical Version s – view ptactice versions of standard.