The Durham gmsh Tutorial. Introduction. This provides a short step by step guide to meshing an aerofoil using the gmsh package. The aim being to introduce. This tutorial shows all the steps involved in the creation of a simple We start by launching Gmsh, then we click on ‘Elementary’ to create new. This document is a tutorial on the GMSH mesh generator. It is aimed towards complete beginners; only some basic knowledge of the Linux.

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Obtaining GmshPrevious: Gmsh is an automatic 3D finite element mesh generator with build-in pre- and post-processing facilities.

tutorial/tgeo · master · gmsh / gmsh · GitLab

This is the Gmsh Reference Manual for Gmsh 4. Copying conditionsPrevious: The source code and various pre-compiled versions of Gmsh for Windows, Mac and Unix can be downloaded from http: If you use Gmsh, we would appreciate that you mention it in your work by citing the following paper: A preprint of that paper as well as other references tutorlal the latest news about Gmsh development are available on http: Obtaining GmshUp: Gmsh is not in the public domain; it is copyrighted and there are restrictions on its distribution, but these restrictions are designed to permit everything that a good cooperating citizen would want to do.

What is not allowed is to try to prevent others from further sharing any version of Gmsh that they might get from you. Gmh, we want to make sure that you have the right to give away copies of Gmsh, that you receive source code or else can get it if you want it, that you can change Gmsh or use pieces of Gmsh in new free programs, and that you know you can do these ymsh.

To make sure that everyone has such rights, we have to forbid you to deprive anyone else of these rights. For example, if you distribute copies of Gmsh, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code.

And you must tell them their rights. Also, for our ttorial protection, we must make certain that everyone finds out that there is no warranty for Gmsh. If Gmsh is modified by someone else and passed on, we want their recipients to know that what they have is not what we distributed, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on our reputation.

The precise conditions of the license for Gmsh are found in the General Public License that accompanies the source code see License. Further information about this license is available from the GNU Project webpage http: Detailed copyright information can be found in Copyright and credits.

If you want to integrate parts of Gmsh into a closed-source software, or want to sell a modified closed-source version of Gmsh, you will need to obtain a different license. Please contact us directly for more information. How to read this manual? Copying conditionsUp: Gmsh is a three-dimensional finite element gmeh generator with a build-in CAD engine and post-processor. Its design goal is to provide a fast, light and user-friendly meshing tool with parametric input and advanced visualization capabilities.


Gmsh is built around four modules: Interactive actions generate language bits in the input files, and vice versa.

This makes it possible to tutorrial all treatments, using loops, conditionals and external system calls. A brief description of the four modules is given hereafter.

Models are created in a bottom-up flow by successively defining points, oriented curves line segments, circles, ellipses, splines, …oriented surfaces plane surfaces, surfaces, triangulated surfaces, … and volumes.

This implies that the elementary geometrical elements are defined only by an ordered list of their nodes but that no predefined order relation is assumed between any two elements. The mesh generation is performed in the same bottom-up flow as the geometry creation: In this process, the mesh of an entity is only constrained by the mesh of its boundary.

For example, in three dimensions, the triangles discretizing a surface will be forced to be faces of tetrahedra in the final 3D mesh only if the surface is part of the boundary of a volume; the line elements discretizing a curve will be forced to be edges of tetrahedra in the final 3D mesh only if the curve is part of the boundary of a surface, itself part of the boundary of a volume; a single node discretizing a point in the middle of a volume will be forced to be a node of one of the tetrahedra in the final 3D mesh only if this point is connected to a curve, itself part of the boundary of a surface, itself part of the boundary of a volume.

This automatically assures the conformity of the mesh when, for example, two surfaces share a common curve. For each meshing step, all structured mesh directives are executed first, and serve as additional constraints for the unstructured parts 1.

The default solver interfaced with Gmsh is GetDP http: What Gmsh is pretty good atPrevious: Gmsh can load and manipulate multiple post-processing scalar, vector or tensor maps along with the geometry and the mesh. Post-processing functions include section computation, offset, elevation, boundary and component extraction, color map and range modification, animation, vector graphic output, etc.

All the post-processing options can be accessed either interactively or through the input script files.

Scripting permits to automate all post-processing operations, as hutorial example to create animations. User-defined operations gmsg also be performed on post-processing views through dynamically loadable plugins. Bug reportsPrevious: What Gmsh is pretty good atUp: If you have the skills and some free time, feel free to join the project: If you think you have found a bug in Gmsh, please file an issue on https: Please provided as precise a description of the problem as you can, including sample input files that produce the bug.

See Frequently asked questionsand the bug tracking system to see which problems we already know about. Running Gmsh on your systemPrevious: You can skip most of this reference manual if you only want to use Gmsh at the first level i.

Just read the next chapter see Running Gmsh on your system to tutoriql how to launch Gmsh on your system, then go experiment with the GUI and the tutorial files see Tutorial provided in the distribution.

Screencasts that show how to use the GUI are available here: The aim of the reference manual is to explain everything you need to use Gmsh at the second level, i. By convention, Gmsh uses the. Once you master the tutorial read the source files: You will see that most of the interactive actions in the GUI have a direct equivalent in the scripting language. Finally, to use Gmsh at the third level i.


Here are the rules we tried to follow when writing this reference manual. Note that metasyntactic variable definitions stay valid throughout the manual and not only in the sections where the definitions appear.

General toolsPrevious: Non-interactive modePrevious: Running Gmsh on tuorial systemUp: This will open the main Gmsh window, with a tree-like menu on the left, a graphic area on the right, and a status bar at the bottom. When using a terminal, you can specify the file tutorizl directly on the command line, i. The default mesh file name is based on the name of the current active model, with an appended extension depending on the mesh format 2.

You will then be asked to select a list of points, and to type e to finish the selection or q to abort it. Once tutrial interactive command is completed, a text string is automatically added at the end of the current script file. For example, it is often faster to define variables and points directly in the script file, and then use the GUI to define the curves, the surfaces and the volumes interactively.

Several mgsh can be loaded simultaneously in Gmsh. For example, to merge the post-processing views contained in the files view1. In this example the views contain several time steps: Note that all rutorial options specified interactively can tutrial be directly specified in the script files.

This will create a new option file with the same filename as tutoial active model, but with an extra. The next time you open this model, the associated options will be automatically loaded, too. For more information about available options and how to reset them tutoriwl their default valuessee Options.

Command-line optionsPrevious: Interactive modeUp: For example, to mesh the first tutorial in batch mode, just type:. To mesh the same example, but with the background mesh available in the file bgmesh. For the list of all command-line options, see Command-line options.

2D Mesh Tutorial using GMSH

In particular, any complicated workflow can be written in a. Mouse actionsPrevious: Non-interactive modeUp: Select output mesh tutoria auto, msh1, msh2, msh3, msh4, msh, unv, vtk, wrl, mail, stl, p3d, mesh, bdf, cgns, med, diff, ir3, inp, ply2, celum, su2, x3d, dat, neu, m, key.

Keyboard shortcutsPrevious: Command-line optionsUp: Mouse actionsUp: Geometry modulePrevious: Commands peculiar to these modules will be introduced in Geometry moduleMesh moduleSolver modulehmsh Post-processing modulerespectively. General toolsUp: The two constant types tuutorial in Gmsh scripts are real and tutoriwl there is no integer type.

Character expressionsPrevious: This is most useful in loops see Loops and conditionalswhere it permits to define unique strings automatically. The brackets [] permit to extract one item from a list parentheses can also be used instead of brackets. The permits to get the size of a list. The operators operator-unary-leftoperator-unary-rightoperator-binaryoperator-ternary-left and operator-ternary-right are defined in Operators.

For the definition of built-in-function s, see Built-in functions.