Ph.D. Synopsis “Caste-less Community: Iyothee Thass () and Tamil Buddhism” Doctor of Philosophy in Comparative Literature by Dickens Leonard. Foundations of Anti-caste Consciousness: Pandit Iyothee Thass, Tamil Buddhism , and Anti-caste Consciousness of the Self: Pandit C. Iyothee Thass and. This dissertation is about an anti-caste movement among Dalits (the oppressed as untouchable) in South India, the Parayar. Since the late 19th century.

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It is not an exaggeration but a historical fact that every non-Brahmin caste equated their caste position either with Kshatriya or with Vaishya. His meeting with Olcott was a turning point not only in his life but also for the Dalit movement in many ways.

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Discussion on communitas explores the notions of community in the west, iyotnee society was criticised in the context of fascism, Nazism, and totalitarianism. University of Toronto Press, Formations of the Secular: These palm- texts were thasss, he clarifies, amongst his community members as a legacy. Shulman, and Sanjay Subramanyam.

Iyothee Thass also wrote at length on Buddhism, the life of Buddha, his readings, the dialogues he had with his disciples, and on the principles of faith and action which he upheld.

He corroborates with the idea that a sovereign nation does not only emerge, but gets contested tooth and nail, firstly in the language-zone, through journal print — contested not only against the colonial powers, but also against hegemonic caste- nations within a language-zone. The Brahmin and the Non-Brahmin: His activities were focused on reviving and reconstructing Tamil Buddhism among the Tamils. Hence the discussion on Thass as a historical discourse and critique also evaluates how scholars treated him lyothee far for various reasons.


By thas archival research of Parayar’s writings among Tamil Buddhists, as these Parayar, settled in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, are called, I have attempted to understand this movement ethno-historically. He possessed, in his personal collections, a plethora of palm-scripts from which he referred profusely.

Iyothee Thass | Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s Caravan

So he called on the Iyotnee to return to their original religion, Buddhism. Delhi, Oxford University Press, Iyoghee focused on education and the land issue. The Emergence of Indian Nationalism. Inwhen the colonial Government planned to carry out the second census, registration officials classified Depressed Classes as a new category within the Hindu religion.

Politics and Nationalist Awakening in South India, This in fact makes Tamil Dalits the true descendents of the anti-Brahmin legacy which is today claimed by non-Brahmin non-Dalits.

In the iyotheee, Iyothee Thass organized the Todas and other tribes of the Nilgiri Hills into a formidable force. Department of Posts, Government of India.

Iyothee Thass

Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly. Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: Iyothee Thass’s teachings nurtured and shaped the career of Rettamalai Srinivasan and M. Large numbers of people participated in the Buddhist rituals, functions and celebrations.

Ambedkar Research Centre, It will not be an exaggeration to say that the foundation for the fierce nationalism of the Tamil people was laid by Pandit Ayothidasar.


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Caste, Conflict and Ideology: Johns Hopkins University Press, The Limits of Tolerance: The oppressed people saw the colonial rule as an opportunity to come out from the caste oppression. Indirar was none other than the Buddha who had managed to control his thqss senses successfully. Arizona University Press, Ambedkar also emphasized the importance of labour.

List of Dravidian parties.

Iyothee Thass – Wikipedia

History and Power in Colonial India. Western Conceptions of the Orient.

He writes about the history and identity of the Parisahs. The Tamilan is the most renowned journal in Dalit print history because of its rich content and ideology. It draws inspiration from a trajectory of works from theoretical and conceptual terrain, to compare, extend, and complicate it with Dalit intellectual thought and practice. He died in the year This promoted writers, particularly Dalits, to express and study anti-caste history and thought that had politically a Dalit foregrounding.

School of Oriental and African Studies, Click on the image to read about Dalit History Month. He reinterpreted many rituals, mythologies and traditions from the viewpoint of Buddhism.