Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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American Indian Ethnic Renewal: Numerous studies have shown how racial and ethnic boundaries emerge, and are defended or transformed by social actors Horowitz ; Tilly ; Zolberg and Woon ; Brubaker ; Wimmer a. The proportion of municipal residents 5 years of age or older who speak an indigenous language, and the proportion identified as indigenous according to the census are used to control for the relative size of the indigenous population in the regression models for language proficiency and proxy self-identification respectively.
First, random effects models are used to predict the odds that children of indigenous mothers and indigenous fathers will be classified as indigenous while accounting for the etnca of the children, their parents, and the community in which they reside.
Yet we do not know the extent to which such movement is affected stacenhagen socioeconomic status. However, in the Mexican case the loss of language proficiency among children of indigenous language speakers takes on a greater significance because language proficiency continues to be used to identify the indigenous population by researchers and policy makers e.
By contrast, when proxy self-identification is used as a criterion, children of indigenous parents are more likely to be classified as indigenous, and greater parental education actually results in higher odds that children will be classified as indigenous. Gender norms may also affect which children learn the language of their parents or who carries on the traditions of their communities.
Any parent born in a different state is considered a migrant.
By contrast, the greater tendency for children of more educated parents to be classified as indigenous when proxy self-identification is used as a criterion is more unexpected. Low to High Price: Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon.
By contrast, only According to both criteria for ethnic classification, children of indigenous mothers have significantly tsavenhagen odds of being in the age-appropriate grade even when controlling for many other factors. Identities, Boundaries, and Social Stavwnhagen. However, this finding does not appear to extend to the private sector, where an indigenous identity does not generally serve as a resource for career advancement.
Muere Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo mexicano defensor de los derechos indígenas
Ethnic and Racial Studies. Race in Another America: A larger concentration of speakers of the same minority language promotes the retention of the language for similar reasons. The results from Model 4 further indicate that the association between parental education and the indigenous identification of children varies by level of urbanization.
Jencks Christopher, Phillips Meredith. Language proficiency may be thought to provide a bright boundary between ethnic categories insofar as an individual who does not speak an indigenous language simply cannot be considered indigenous. A vast amount of research documents the stigma that has traditionally been associated with being considered indigenous in the broader Mexican society e.
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Female children are no more likely to than male shavenhagen to speak the language, while older children are only slightly more likely to speak it. Multiculturalism in Latin America: Four population sizes are distinguished: Many other censuses and household surveys worldwide, including the U. Separate categories are distinguished for parents whose indigenous identification is unknown and for those who are not living in the household.
Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico
However, movement across racial boundaries based on skin color is not completely random, but instead shows some systematic tendencies. Economic Opportunities for Indigenous Peoples in Mexico. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. I find that movement across the ethnic boundary depends on which of the two criteria cuetion recognized by the Mexican census is used.
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Sample limited to children whose parents are both classified as indigenous to control for the higher rate of intermarriage for mothers with more education. Children of indigenous parents growing up in predominantly indigenous communities are expected to have higher odds of learning an indigenous language and identifying as indigenous since they will be more frequently in contact with other members of the same indigenous group.
For all its failings, language proficiency is more likely to capture a stronger form of ethnicity, with clear social implications. The multicultural discourse may also receive more widespread acceptance among educated parents in urban areas, thus explaining the stronger positive association in more urban stavenhaben. Eschbach, Supple cyestion Snipp find that the increase in the tendency to self-report as Native American in the U.
Mestizaje in Mexico During the National Period. Similarly, for children of indigenous migrants to urban areas, identifying as indigenous may be based on an attachment to a few cultural symbols without a personal connection to other members of the group, and with few social consequences. Social Protection Discussion Paper No.
Annual Review of Sociology. Editorial Nuestro Tiempo;